[ABAP] XML -> String

DATA: xml TYPE string VALUE '<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?><asx:abap version="1.0" xmlns:asx="http://www.sap.com/abapxml"><asx:values><TEXT>Hello world!</TEXT></asx:values></asx:abap>'.
DATA: text TYPE string.

* XML -> ABAP (string)
CALL TRANSFORMATION id SOURCE XML xml RESULT text = text.

WRITE: / text.

[ABAP] itab -> XML

TYPES: BEGIN OF s_person,
         name  TYPE string,
         title TYPE string,
         age   TYPE i,
       END OF s_person.

TYPES: t_person TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF s_person WITH DEFAULT KEY.

DATA(it_persons) = VALUE t_person( ( name = 'Horst' title = 'Herr' age = 30 )
                                   ( name = 'Jutta' title = 'Frau' age = 35 )
                                   ( name = 'Ingo' title = 'Herr' age = 31 ) ).

* ABAP (iTab) -> XML
DATA(o_writer_itab_xml) = cl_sxml_string_writer=>create( type = if_sxml=>co_xt_xml10 ).
CALL TRANSFORMATION id SOURCE values = it_persons RESULT XML o_writer_itab_xml.
DATA(itab_xml) = cl_abap_codepage=>convert_from( o_writer_itab_xml->get_output( ) ).

WRITE: / itab_xml.

[ABAP] XML -> itab

TYPES: BEGIN OF s_person,
         name  TYPE string,
         title TYPE string,
         age   TYPE i,
       END OF s_person.

TYPES: t_person TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF s_person WITH DEFAULT KEY.

DATA(xml) = |<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>| &&
            |<asx:abap xmlns:asx="http://www.sap.com/abapxml" version="1.0">| &&
            |  <asx:values>| &&
            |    <VALUES>| &&
            |      <item>| &&
            |        <NAME>Horst</NAME>| &&
            |        <TITLE>Herr</TITLE>| &&
            |        <AGE>30</AGE>| &&
            |      </item>| &&
            |      <item>| &&
            |        <NAME>Jutta</NAME>| &&
            |        <TITLE>Frau</TITLE>| &&
            |        <AGE>35</AGE>| &&
            |      </item>| &&
            |      <item>| &&
            |        <NAME>Ingo</NAME>| &&
            |        <TITLE>Herr</TITLE>| &&
            |        <AGE>31</AGE>| &&
            |      </item>| &&
            |    </VALUES>| &&
            |  </asx:values>| &&
            |</asx:abap>|.

* XML -> ABAP (itab)
DATA(it_persons) = VALUE t_person( ).

CALL TRANSFORMATION id SOURCE XML xml RESULT values = it_persons.

IF lines( it_persons ) > 0.
  WRITE: / it_persons[ 1 ]-name.
endif.

[ABAP] JSON -> itab

TYPES: BEGIN OF s_person,
         name  TYPE string,
         title TYPE string,
         age   TYPE i,
       END OF s_person.

TYPES: t_person TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF s_person WITH DEFAULT KEY.

DATA: json TYPE string VALUE '{"VALUES":[{"NAME":"Horst","TITLE":"Herr","AGE":30},{"NAME":"Jutta","TITLE":"Frau","AGE":35},{"NAME":"Ingo","TITLE":"Herr","AGE":31}]}'.
DATA(it_persons) = VALUE t_person( ).

* JSON -> ABAP (iTab)
CALL TRANSFORMATION id SOURCE XML json RESULT values = it_persons.

IF lines( it_persons ) > 0.
  WRITE: / it_persons[ 1 ]-name.
ENDIF.

[ABAP] Charts mit cl_gui_chart_engine / cl_gui_chart_engine_win anzeigen, ändern, laden und speichern (XML), Beispiel-Charts

Einleitung

Mit Hilfe der Klasse cl_gui_chart_engine können Charts generiert werden. Über XML-Dokumente kann die Anzeige konfiguriert bzw. Daten angezeigt werden. SAP liefert zur einfachen Konfiguration ein Tool namens Chart Designer. Die XML-Daten können aber auch manuell generiert werden, eine genaue Beschreibung findet man im Dokument „XML Format.pdf“ des Chart Designers.
Mit Hilfe des unten stehenden Demo-Programms können auch XML-Daten für das Customizing generiert, geladen und gespeichert sowie Plot-Daten im XML-Format eingeladen werden. Es sind auch zwei einfache Beispiele für einen Bar-Chart sowie einen Scatter-Plot implementiert.

ABAP-Demoprogramm

* Chart-Demoprogramme
* GRAPHICS_GUI_CE_DEMO
* GRAPHICS_IGS_CE_TEST
* RSORA_TCS_DEMO

* Chart-Klassen
* CL_GUI_CHART_ENGINE
* CL_IGS_CHART_ENGINE
* CL_TIME_CHART_SIMPLE

DATA: it_sflight TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF sflight.
* globales Chart-Objekt
DATA: o_chart TYPE REF TO cl_gui_chart_engine.

CLASS lcl_events DEFINITION.
  PUBLIC SECTION.

    TYPES: ty_it_events TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF cntl_simple_event WITH DEFAULT KEY.

* Buttons
    CONSTANTS: co_btn_load_cust TYPE string VALUE 'BTN_LOAD_CUST'.
    CONSTANTS: co_btn_load_data TYPE string VALUE 'BTN_LOAD_DATA'.
    CONSTANTS: co_btn_save_cust TYPE string VALUE 'BTN_SAVE_CUST'.
    CONSTANTS: co_btn_print TYPE string VALUE 'BTN_PRINT'.
    CONSTANTS: co_btn_example_bar TYPE string VALUE 'BTN_EXAMPLE_BAR'.
    CONSTANTS: co_btn_example_scatter TYPE string VALUE 'BTN_EXAMPLE_SCATTER'.
    CONSTANTS: co_btn_clear TYPE string VALUE 'BTN_CLEAR'.

    CLASS-METHODS: on_click FOR EVENT click OF cl_gui_chart_engine
      IMPORTING
          element
          series
          point
          sender.
    CLASS-METHODS: on_value_change FOR EVENT value_change OF cl_gui_chart_engine
      IMPORTING
          series
          point
          value
          sender.
    CLASS-METHODS: on_property_change FOR EVENT property_change OF cl_gui_chart_engine
      IMPORTING
          element
          name
          value
          sender.

    CLASS-METHODS:
      on_function_selected FOR EVENT function_selected OF cl_gui_toolbar
        IMPORTING
            fcode
            sender.
ENDCLASS.

CLASS lcl_events IMPLEMENTATION.
* Klick auf Chart
  METHOD on_click.
    MESSAGE |Klick: { element } { series } { point }| TYPE 'S'.
  ENDMETHOD.

* Chart Wertänderung
  METHOD on_value_change.
    MESSAGE |Wert geändert: { series } { point } { value }| TYPE 'S'.
  ENDMETHOD.

* Chart Property-Änderung
  METHOD on_property_change.
    MESSAGE |Property: { element } { name } { value }| TYPE 'S'.
  ENDMETHOD.

* Toolbar Button geklickt
  METHOD on_function_selected.

    CASE fcode.
* Graph drucken
      WHEN co_btn_print.
        IF o_chart IS BOUND.
          DATA(o_cewp) = CAST cl_gui_chart_engine_win( o_chart->get_control( ) ).
          o_cewp->print( ).
        ENDIF.
* Graph zurücksetzen
      WHEN co_btn_clear.
        IF o_chart IS BOUND.
* Initialdaten setzen
          o_chart->set_data( data = '<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?><SimpleChartData></SimpleChartData>' ).
* Initial-Customizing setzen
          o_chart->set_customizing( data = '<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?><SAPChartCustomizing version="2.0"></SAPChartCustomizing>' ).
        ENDIF.
**********************************************************************
* Bargraph
* einfaches Balkendiagramm, bei dem jeweils 2 Punkte einer Series
* einer Kategorie zugeordnet werden
**********************************************************************
      WHEN co_btn_example_bar.
        IF o_chart IS BOUND.
* Initialdaten setzen
          o_chart->set_data( data_table = VALUE w3htmltabtype( ( |<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>| )
                                                               ( |<ChartData>| )
                                                               ( |  <Categories>| )
                                                               ( |    <Category>Category 1</Category>| )
                                                               ( |    <Category>Category 2</Category>| )
                                                               ( |    <Category>Category 3</Category>| )
                                                               ( |  </Categories>| )
                                                               ( |  <Series customizing="Series1" label="Series 1">| )
                                                               ( |    <Point>| )
                                                               ( |      <Value type="y">5</Value>| )
                                                               ( |    </Point>| )
                                                               ( |    <Point>| )
                                                               ( |      <Value type="y">10</Value>| )
                                                               ( |    </Point>| )
                                                               ( |    <Point>| )
                                                               ( |      <Value type="y">7</Value>| )
                                                               ( |    </Point>| )
                                                               ( |  </Series>| )
                                                               ( |  <Series customizing="Series2" label="Series 2">| )
                                                               ( |    <Point>| )
                                                               ( |      <Value type="y">7</Value>| )
                                                               ( |    </Point>| )
                                                               ( |    <Point>| )
                                                               ( |      <Value type="y">9</Value>| )
                                                               ( |    </Point>| )
                                                               ( |    <Point>| )
                                                               ( |      <Value type="y">23</Value>| )
                                                               ( |    </Point>| )
                                                               ( |  </Series>| )
                                                               ( |</ChartData>| ) ) ).
* Initial-Customizing setzen
          o_chart->set_customizing( data_table = VALUE w3htmltabtype( ( |<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>| )
                                                                      ( |<SAPChartCustomizing version="2.0">| )
                                                                      ( | <GlobalSettings>| )
                                                                      ( |  <Defaults>| )
                                                                      ( |   <ChartType>Columns</ChartType>| )
                                                                      ( |   <FontFamily>Arial</FontFamily>| )
                                                                      ( |  </Defaults>| )
                                                                      ( | </GlobalSettings>| )
                                                                      ( | <Elements>| )
                                                                      ( |  <ChartElements>| )
                                                                      ( |   <Title>| )
                                                                      ( |    <Caption>Bargraph</Caption>| )
                                                                      ( |   </Title>| )
                                                                      ( |  </ChartElements>| )
                                                                      ( | </Elements>| )
                                                                      ( |</SAPChartCustomizing>| ) ) ).
        ENDIF.
**********************************************************************
* Scatterplot
* x,y-Punkte-Diagramm mit zwei Linien (Series)
* Vorgabe von Achse (min, max), Punkteigenschaften, Farbe, Legende
**********************************************************************
      WHEN co_btn_example_scatter.
        IF o_chart IS BOUND.
* Initialdaten setzen
          o_chart->set_data( data_table = VALUE w3htmltabtype( ( |<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>| )
                                                               ( |<ChartData>| )
                                                               ( |  <Series customizing="Series1" label="y1">| )
                                                               ( |    <Point label="P1">| )
                                                               ( |      <Value type="x">-5.1</Value>| )
                                                               ( |      <Value type="y">-2.3</Value>| )
                                                               ( |    </Point>| )
                                                               ( |    <Point label="P2">| )
                                                               ( |      <Value type="x">1.2</Value>| )
                                                               ( |      <Value type="y">1.1</Value>| )
                                                               ( |    </Point>| )
                                                               ( |    <Point label="P3">| )
                                                               ( |      <Value type="x">6.2</Value>| )
                                                               ( |      <Value type="y">7.4</Value>| )
                                                               ( |    </Point>| )
                                                               ( |  </Series>| )
                                                               ( |  <Series customizing="Series2" label="y2">| )
                                                               ( |    <Point label="P1">| )
                                                               ( |      <Value type="x">-5.1</Value>| )
                                                               ( |      <Value type="y">0.3</Value>| )
                                                               ( |    </Point>| )
                                                               ( |    <Point label="P2">| )
                                                               ( |      <Value type="x">1.2</Value>| )
                                                               ( |      <Value type="y">3.5</Value>| )
                                                               ( |    </Point>| )
                                                               ( |    <Point label="P3">| )
                                                               ( |      <Value type="x">6.2</Value>| )
                                                               ( |      <Value type="y">8.9</Value>| )
                                                               ( |    </Point>| )
                                                               ( |  </Series>| )
                                                               ( |</ChartData>| ) ) ).
* Initial-Customizing setzen
          o_chart->set_customizing( data_table = VALUE w3htmltabtype( ( |<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>| )
                                                                      ( |<SAPChartCustomizing version="2.0">| )
                                                                      ( | <GlobalSettings>| )
                                                                      ( |  <Dimension>Two</Dimension>| )
                                                                      ( |  <ColorPalette>Tradeshow</ColorPalette>| )
                                                                      ( |  <Defaults>| )
                                                                      ( |   <ChartType>Scatter</ChartType>| )
                                                                      ( |   <FontFamily>Arial</FontFamily>| )
                                                                      ( |  </Defaults>| )
                                                                      ( | </GlobalSettings>| )
                                                                      ( | <Elements>| )
                                                                      ( |  <ChartElements>| )
                                                                      ( |   <Title>| )
                                                                      ( |    <Caption>Scatterplot</Caption>| )
                                                                      ( |   </Title>| )
                                                                      ( |   <Subtitle>| )
                                                                      ( |    <Caption>Daten und Settings</Caption>| )
                                                                      ( |   </Subtitle>| )
                                                                      ( |   <Legend>| )
                                                                      ( |    <Alignment>ToPlotArea</Alignment>| )
                                                                      ( |    <Position>TopRight</Position>| )
                                                                      ( |   </Legend>| )
                                                                      ( |  </ChartElements>| )
                                                                      ( |  <ChartAxes>| )
                                                                      ( |   <ValueAxis id="ValueAxis1">| )
                                                                      ( |    <Visibility>true</Visibility>| )
                                                                      ( |    <Minimum>-10</Minimum>| )
                                                                      ( |    <MinimumCalculation>UserDefined</MinimumCalculation>| )
                                                                      ( |    <Maximum>10</Maximum>| )
                                                                      ( |    <MaximumCalculation>UserDefined</MaximumCalculation>| )
                                                                      ( |    <ScalingType>Linear</ScalingType>| )
                                                                      ( |    <Order>Ascending</Order>| )
                                                                      ( |    <Position>Primary</Position>| )
                                                                      ( |    <Title>| )
                                                                      ( |     <Caption>x</Caption>| )
                                                                      ( |    </Title>| )
                                                                      ( |   </ValueAxis>| )
                                                                      ( |   <ValueAxis id="ValueAxis2">| )
                                                                      ( |    <Visibility>true</Visibility>| )
                                                                      ( |    <Minimum>-10</Minimum>| )
                                                                      ( |    <MinimumCalculation>UserDefined</MinimumCalculation>| )
                                                                      ( |    <Maximum>10</Maximum>| )
                                                                      ( |    <MaximumCalculation>UserDefined</MaximumCalculation>| )
                                                                      ( |    <ScalingType>Linear</ScalingType>| )
                                                                      ( |    <Order>Ascending</Order>| )
                                                                      ( |    <Position>Primary</Position>| )
                                                                      ( |    <Title>| )
                                                                      ( |     <Caption>x</Caption>| )
                                                                      ( |    </Title>| )
                                                                      ( |   </ValueAxis>| )
                                                                      ( |  </ChartAxes>| )
                                                                      ( | </Elements>| )
                                                                      ( | <Values>| )
                                                                      ( |  <Series>| )
                                                                      ( |   <ShowLabel>true</ShowLabel>| )
                                                                      ( |   <LineColor>@20</LineColor>| )
                                                                      ( |  </Series>| )
                                                                      ( |  <Series id="Series1">| )
                                                                      ( |   <ShowLabel>true</ShowLabel>| )
                                                                      ( |   <LineColor>@20</LineColor>| )
                                                                      ( |   <Color>@20</Color>| )
                                                                      ( |  </Series>| )
                                                                      ( |  <Series id="Series2">| )
                                                                      ( |   <ShowLabel>true</ShowLabel>| )
                                                                      ( |   <LineColor>@60</LineColor>| )
                                                                      ( |   <Color>@60</Color>| )
                                                                      ( |  </Series>| )
                                                                      ( | </Values>| )
                                                                      ( |</SAPChartCustomizing>| ) ) ).
        ENDIF.
* XML Chart-Customizing speichern
      WHEN co_btn_save_cust.
        IF o_chart IS BOUND.
          DATA: it_xml TYPE w3htmltabtype.

          DATA(o_cew_save) = CAST cl_gui_chart_engine_win( o_chart->get_control( ) ).
          o_cew_save->get_customizing( IMPORTING data_table = it_xml ).

          DATA: lv_action TYPE i.
          DATA: lv_filename TYPE string.
          DATA: lv_fullpath TYPE string.
          DATA: lv_path TYPE string.

          TRY.
* Savedialog anzeigen
              cl_gui_frontend_services=>file_save_dialog( EXPORTING
                                                            default_file_name = 'chart.xml'
                                                            default_extension = 'xml'
                                                            file_filter       = |XML (*.xml)\|*.xml\|{ cl_gui_frontend_services=>filetype_all }|
                                                          CHANGING
                                                            filename          = lv_filename
                                                            path              = lv_path
                                                            fullpath          = lv_fullpath
                                                            user_action       = lv_action ).

              IF lv_action EQ cl_gui_frontend_services=>action_ok.

* XML-Daten lokal speichern
                cl_gui_frontend_services=>gui_download( EXPORTING
                                                          filename = lv_fullpath
                                                          filetype = 'BIN'
                                                        CHANGING
                                                          data_tab = it_xml ).

              ENDIF.
            CATCH cx_root INTO DATA(e_txt).
              MESSAGE e_txt->get_text( ) TYPE 'E'.
          ENDTRY.
        ENDIF.
* XML Chart-Customizing laden
      WHEN co_btn_load_cust.
        IF o_chart IS BOUND.
          DATA: lv_rc_cust TYPE i.
          DATA: it_files_cust TYPE filetable.
          DATA: lv_action_open_cust TYPE i.

* FileOpen-Dialog aufrufen
          TRY.
              cl_gui_frontend_services=>file_open_dialog( EXPORTING
                                                            file_filter = |XML (*.xml)\|*.xml\|{ cl_gui_frontend_services=>filetype_all }|
                                                          CHANGING
                                                            file_table  = it_files_cust
                                                            rc          = lv_rc_cust
                                                            user_action = lv_action_open_cust ).

              IF lv_action_open_cust = cl_gui_frontend_services=>action_ok.
* wenn Datei ausgewählt wurde
                IF lines( it_files_cust ) > 0.

                  DATA: lv_filesize_cust TYPE w3param-cont_len.
                  DATA: it_xml_cust_up TYPE w3htmltabtype.

                  cl_gui_frontend_services=>gui_upload( EXPORTING
                                                          filename   = |{ it_files_cust[ 1 ]-filename }|
                                                          filetype   = 'BIN'
                                                        IMPORTING
                                                          filelength = lv_filesize_cust
                                                        CHANGING
                                                          data_tab   = it_xml_cust_up ).

* XML-Daten setzen
                  o_chart->set_customizing( data_table = it_xml_cust_up ).

                ENDIF.
              ENDIF.

            CATCH cx_root INTO DATA(e_text_cust).
              MESSAGE e_text_cust->get_text( ) TYPE 'S' DISPLAY LIKE 'E'.
          ENDTRY.

        ENDIF.
* XML Chart-Daten laden
      WHEN co_btn_load_data.
        IF o_chart IS BOUND.
          DATA: lv_rc_data TYPE i.
          DATA: it_files_data TYPE filetable.
          DATA: lv_action_open_data TYPE i.

* FileOpen-Dialog aufrufen
          TRY.
              cl_gui_frontend_services=>file_open_dialog( EXPORTING
                                                            file_filter = |XML (*.xml)\|*.xml\|{ cl_gui_frontend_services=>filetype_all }|
                                                          CHANGING
                                                            file_table  = it_files_data
                                                            rc          = lv_rc_data
                                                            user_action = lv_action_open_data ).

              IF lv_action_open_data = cl_gui_frontend_services=>action_ok.
* wenn Datei ausgewählt wurde
                IF lines( it_files_data ) > 0.

                  DATA: lv_filesize_data TYPE w3param-cont_len.
                  DATA: it_xml_data_up TYPE w3htmltabtype.

                  cl_gui_frontend_services=>gui_upload( EXPORTING
                                                          filename   = |{ it_files_data[ 1 ]-filename }|
                                                          filetype   = 'BIN'
                                                        IMPORTING
                                                          filelength = lv_filesize_data
                                                        CHANGING
                                                          data_tab   = it_xml_data_up ).

* XML-Daten setzen
                  o_chart->set_data( data_table = it_xml_data_up ).

                ENDIF.
              ENDIF.

            CATCH cx_root INTO DATA(e_text_data).
              MESSAGE e_text_data->get_text( ) TYPE 'S' DISPLAY LIKE 'E'.
          ENDTRY.

        ENDIF.
    ENDCASE.
  ENDMETHOD.
ENDCLASS.

INITIALIZATION.
**********************************************************************
* GUI
**********************************************************************
* Splitter erzeugen
  DATA(o_splitter) = NEW cl_gui_splitter_container( parent = cl_gui_container=>default_screen
                                                    no_autodef_progid_dynnr = abap_true
                                                    rows = 2
                                                    columns = 1 ).

* absoluter Modus für Zeilenhöhe
  o_splitter->set_row_mode( mode = cl_gui_splitter_container=>mode_absolute ).

* Höhe absolut 24 Pixel für Splitter oben
  o_splitter->set_row_height( id = 1 height = 24 ).

* Splitter für oberen Container fest und verborgen
  o_splitter->set_row_sash( id = 1
                            type = cl_gui_splitter_container=>type_movable
                            value = cl_gui_splitter_container=>false ).

  o_splitter->set_row_sash( id = 1
                            type = cl_gui_splitter_container=>type_sashvisible
                            value = cl_gui_splitter_container=>false ).

* Top- und Bottom-Container holen
  DATA(o_container_top) = o_splitter->get_container( row = 1 column = 1 ).
  DATA(o_container_bottom) = o_splitter->get_container( row = 2 column = 1 ).

* Toolbar hoizontal
  DATA(o_tool) = NEW cl_gui_toolbar( parent       = o_container_top
                                     display_mode = cl_gui_toolbar=>m_mode_horizontal ).

* Eventtypten müssen gesondert registriert werden
  DATA(it_events) = VALUE lcl_events=>ty_it_events( ( eventid    = cl_gui_toolbar=>m_id_function_selected
                                                      appl_event = abap_true ) ).

  o_tool->set_registered_events( events = it_events ).

* Toolbar-Buttons hinzufügen
* Buttontypen sind in Typgruppe CNTB definiert
  o_tool->add_button( fcode       = CONV #( lcl_events=>co_btn_load_cust )
                      icon        = icon_open
                      butn_type   = cntb_btype_button
                      text        = 'Load settings'
                      quickinfo   = 'Load chart settings'
                      is_checked  = abap_false
                      is_disabled = abap_false ).

  o_tool->add_button( fcode       = ''
                      icon        = ''
                      butn_type   = cntb_btype_sep
                      text        = ''
                      quickinfo   = ''
                      is_checked  = abap_false
                      is_disabled = abap_false ).

  o_tool->add_button( fcode       = CONV #( lcl_events=>co_btn_save_cust )
                      icon        = icon_system_save
                      butn_type   = cntb_btype_button
                      text        = 'Save settings'
                      quickinfo   = 'Save chart settings'
                      is_checked  = abap_false
                      is_disabled = abap_false ).

  o_tool->add_button( fcode       = ''
                      icon        = ''
                      butn_type   = cntb_btype_sep
                      text        = ''
                      quickinfo   = ''
                      is_checked  = abap_false
                      is_disabled = abap_false ).

  o_tool->add_button( fcode       = CONV #( lcl_events=>co_btn_load_data )
                      icon        = icon_open
                      butn_type   = cntb_btype_button
                      text        = 'Load data'
                      quickinfo   = 'Load chart data'
                      is_checked  = abap_false
                      is_disabled = abap_false ).

  o_tool->add_button( fcode       = ''
                      icon        = ''
                      butn_type   = cntb_btype_sep
                      text        = ''
                      quickinfo   = ''
                      is_checked  = abap_false
                      is_disabled = abap_false ).

  o_tool->add_button( fcode       = CONV #( lcl_events=>co_btn_example_bar )
                      icon        = icon_display
                      butn_type   = cntb_btype_button
                      text        = 'Beispiel Bargraph'
                      quickinfo   = 'Beispieldaten + Settings'
                      is_checked  = abap_false
                      is_disabled = abap_false ).

  o_tool->add_button( fcode       = ''
                      icon        = ''
                      butn_type   = cntb_btype_sep
                      text        = ''
                      quickinfo   = ''
                      is_checked  = abap_false
                      is_disabled = abap_false ).

  o_tool->add_button( fcode       = CONV #( lcl_events=>co_btn_example_scatter )
                      icon        = icon_display
                      butn_type   = cntb_btype_button
                      text        = 'Beispiel Scatterplot'
                      quickinfo   = 'Beispieldaten + Settings'
                      is_checked  = abap_false
                      is_disabled = abap_false ).

  o_tool->add_button( fcode       = ''
                      icon        = ''
                      butn_type   = cntb_btype_sep
                      text        = ''
                      quickinfo   = ''
                      is_checked  = abap_false
                      is_disabled = abap_false ).

  o_tool->add_button( fcode       = CONV #( lcl_events=>co_btn_clear )
                      icon        = icon_delete
                      butn_type   = cntb_btype_button
                      text        = 'Löschen'
                      quickinfo   = 'Alles löschen'
                      is_checked  = abap_false
                      is_disabled = abap_false ).

  o_tool->add_button( fcode       = ''
                      icon        = ''
                      butn_type   = cntb_btype_sep
                      text        = ''
                      quickinfo   = ''
                      is_checked  = abap_false
                      is_disabled = abap_false ).

  o_tool->add_button( fcode       = CONV #( lcl_events=>co_btn_print )
                      icon        = icon_print
                      butn_type   = cntb_btype_button
                      text        = 'Drucken'
                      quickinfo   = 'Chart drucken'
                      is_checked  = abap_false
                      is_disabled = abap_false ).

* Eventhandler registrieren
  SET HANDLER lcl_events=>on_function_selected FOR o_tool.

**********************************************************************
* Chart
**********************************************************************
* Daten holen
  SELECT * FROM sflight INTO TABLE it_sflight UP TO 10 ROWS.

* Chart in unteren GUI-Container einbetten
  o_chart = NEW #( parent = o_container_bottom ).

**********************************************************************
* Chart-Daten generieren
**********************************************************************
* leere Defaultdaten übergeben
  DATA(it_xml_data) = VALUE w3htmltabtype( ).
  o_chart->set_data( data_table = it_xml_data ).

**********************************************************************
* Chart-Customizing generieren
**********************************************************************
* leere Defaultdaten übergeben
  DATA(it_xml_customizing) = VALUE w3htmltabtype( ).
  o_chart->set_customizing( data_table = it_xml_customizing ).

**********************************************************************
* zus. Einstellungen
**********************************************************************
* Einstellungsdialoge anzeigen
  DATA(o_adj) = CAST cl_gui_chart_engine_win( o_chart->get_control( ) ).
* Design-Anpassungen ermöglichen
  o_adj->set_design_mode( flag = abap_true event = abap_true ).
* Einstellmöglichkeiten beschränken
*  o_adj->restrict_chart_types( charttypes = 'Columns|Lines' ).
*  o_adj->restrict_property_events( events = 'ChartType' ).

* Wertänderungen ermöglichen
  o_adj->enable_value_change( ).

* Event-Handler registrieren
  SET HANDLER lcl_events=>on_click FOR o_chart.
  SET HANDLER lcl_events=>on_value_change FOR o_chart.
  SET HANDLER lcl_events=>on_property_change FOR o_chart.

* Graph anzeigen
  o_chart->render( ).

* leere Toolbar ausblenden
  cl_abap_list_layout=>suppress_toolbar( ).

* cl_gui_container=>default_screen erzingen
  WRITE: / space.

Weitere XML-Beispiele

Customizing für Scatter-Plot

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<SAPChartCustomizing version="2.0">
 <GlobalSettings>
  <Dimension>Two</Dimension>
  <Defaults>
   <ChartType>Scatter</ChartType>
   <FontFamily>Arial</FontFamily>
  </Defaults>
 </GlobalSettings>
 <Elements>
  <ChartElements>
   <Title>
    <Caption>Beispiel-Titel</Caption>
   </Title>
   <Subtitle>
    <Caption>Untertitel</Caption>
   </Subtitle>
   <Legend>
    <Alignment>ToPlotArea</Alignment>
    <Position>Right</Position>
   </Legend>
  </ChartElements>
  <ChartAxes>
   <ValueAxis id="ValueAxis1">
    <Visibility>true</Visibility>
    <MinimumCalculation>Automatic</MinimumCalculation>
    <MaximumCalculation>Automatic</MaximumCalculation>
    <ScalingType>Linear</ScalingType>
    <Order>Ascending</Order>
    <Position>Primary</Position>
    <Title>
     <Caption>x</Caption>
    </Title>
   </ValueAxis>
  </ChartAxes>
 </Elements>
</SAPChartCustomizing>

Daten für Scatter-Plot

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<ChartData>
  <Categories>
    <Category>Category 1</Category>
  </Categories>
  <Series customizing="Series1" label="y">
    <Point label="P1">
      <Value type="x">0</Value>
      <Value type="y">5</Value>
    </Point>
    <Point label="P2">
      <Value type="x">1</Value>
      <Value type="y">10</Value>
    </Point>
    <Point label="P3">
      <Value type="x">2</Value>
      <Value type="y">7</Value>
    </Point>
  </Series>
</ChartData>

Customizing für Bar-Chart

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<SAPChartCustomizing version="2.0">
 <GlobalSettings>
  <Defaults>
   <ChartType>Columns</ChartType>
   <FontFamily>Arial</FontFamily>
  </Defaults>
 </GlobalSettings>
 <Elements>
  <ChartElements>
   <Title>
    <Visibility>true</Visibility>
    <Caption>Caption1</Caption>
   </Title>
  </ChartElements>
 </Elements>
</SAPChartCustomizing>

Daten für Bar-Chart

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<ChartData>
  <Categories>
    <Category>Category 1</Category>
    <Category>Category 2</Category>
    <Category>Category 3</Category>
  </Categories>
  <Series customizing="Series1" label="Series 1">
    <Point>
      <Value type="y">5</Value>
    </Point>
    <Point>
      <Value type="y">10</Value>
    </Point>
    <Point>
      <Value type="y">7</Value>
    </Point>
  </Series>
  <Series customizing="Series2" label="Series 2">
    <Point>
      <Value type="y">7</Value>
    </Point>
    <Point>
      <Value type="y">9</Value>
    </Point>
    <Point>
      <Value type="y">23</Value>
    </Point>
  </Series>
</ChartData>

Weiterführende Infos

Easy Charts
Creating Charts
abapblog.com
catmull rom
Custom Chart Creation

[ABAP] XML nach JSON parsen

* XML-Daten
DATA(lv_xml) = |<object-><str name="text"->abcd</str-><bool name="flag"->true</bool-><member name="number"-><num->111</num-></member-><member name="content"-><null /-></member-></object->|.

TRY.
* XML-Daten lesen
    DATA(o_r) = cl_sxml_string_reader=>create( input = cl_abap_codepage=>convert_to( lv_xml ) ).
* evtl. Objektkomponenten mit <member->-Elementen darstellen
*    reader->set_option( if_sxml_reader=>co_opt_sep_member ).

    DATA(o_w) = CAST if_sxml_writer( cl_sxml_string_writer=>create( type     = if_sxml=>co_xt_json
                                                                    encoding = 'UTF-8' ) ).
* Ausgabeoptionen setzen
    o_w->set_option( option = if_sxml_writer=>co_opt_linebreaks ).
    o_w->set_option( option = if_sxml_writer=>co_opt_indent ).

    o_r->next_node( ).
* JSON parsen
    o_r->skip_node( o_w ).

* Ausgabe konvertieren
    DATA(lv_json) = cl_abap_codepage=>convert_from( CAST cl_sxml_string_writer( o_w )->get_output( ) ).

* JSON ausgeben
    cl_demo_output=>display_json( lv_json ).
  CATCH cx_root INTO DATA(e_txt).
    WRITE: / e_txt->get_text( ).
ENDTRY.

[ABAP] Interne Tabellen im Format Office Open XML (SpreadsheetML) speichern

Beispiel für die Nutzung des Office Open XML (SpreadsheetML) Formates zur Datenausgabe von Nutzdaten aus internen Tabellen.

Links

Wikipedia – Office Open XML
Wikipedia – SpreadsheetML
SAP ABAP Doku
Beispiel 1
Beispiel 2

Beispiel – Speicherung Daten beliebiger interner Tabellen in eine von Microsoft Office Excel lesbare XML-Datei

* Dateien können ab Microsoft Office Excel 2002 / 2003 geöffnet werden
DATA: it_spfli TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF spfli.
DATA: gv_company TYPE string VALUE 'codezentrale.de'.
DATA: gv_user TYPE string VALUE 'Testuser'.
DATA: gv_sheetname TYPE string VALUE 'SPFLI'.

INITIALIZATION.
* Daten holen
  SELECT * FROM spfli INTO TABLE @it_spfli.

START-OF-SELECTION.

  DATA: o_cell TYPE REF TO if_ixml_element.
  DATA: o_data TYPE REF TO if_ixml_element.

* Tabellenstruktur
  DATA(o_table_descr) = CAST cl_abap_tabledescr( cl_abap_tabledescr=>describe_by_data( it_spfli ) ).

* Struktur einer Tabellenzeile
  DATA(o_struct_descr) = CAST cl_abap_structdescr( o_table_descr->get_table_line_type( ) ).

* Komponenten (Spalten) einer Zeile
  DATA(it_comp_tab) = o_struct_descr->get_components( ).

* Anzahl Spalten
  DATA(lv_colcount) = lines( it_comp_tab ).

* ixml Factory
  DATA(o_ixml) = cl_ixml=>create( ).

* Encoding UTF-8
  DATA(o_encoding) = o_ixml->create_encoding( character_set = 'UTF-8'
                                              byte_order = if_ixml_encoding=>co_none ).

* DOM Object Model
  DATA(o_doc) = o_ixml->create_document( ).

* Processing Instructions setzen
* damit die XML-Datei gleich vom Windows als Excel-XML erkannt und korrekt geöffnet wird
  DATA(o_pi) = o_doc->create_pi_parsed( name = 'mso-application' ).
  o_pi->set_attribute( name = 'progid' value = 'Excel.Sheet' ).
  o_doc->append_child( o_pi ).

* Workbook
  DATA(o_workbook) = o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'Workbook' parent = o_doc ).
  o_workbook->set_attribute( name = 'xmlns' value ='urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:spreadsheet' ).
  o_workbook->set_attribute_node( o_doc->create_namespace_decl( name = 'o' prefix = 'xmlns' uri = 'urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office') ).
  o_workbook->set_attribute_node( o_doc->create_namespace_decl( name = 'x' prefix = 'xmlns' uri = 'urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:excel' ) ).
  o_workbook->set_attribute_node( o_doc->create_namespace_decl( name = 'ss' prefix = 'xmlns' uri = 'urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:spreadsheet') ).
  o_workbook->set_attribute_node( o_doc->create_namespace_decl( name = 'html' prefix = 'xmlns' uri = 'http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40') ).

* DocumentProperties
* Zeitstempel erzeugen
  DATA: lv_tsl TYPE timestampl.
  GET TIME STAMP FIELD lv_tsl.
  DATA(lv_created) = |{ substring( val = |{ lv_tsl TIMESTAMP = ISO }| off = 0 len = 19 ) }Z|.

  DATA(o_prop) = o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'DocumentProperties' parent = o_workbook ).
  o_prop->set_attribute( name = 'xmlns' value ='urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office' ).
  o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'Author' value = gv_user parent = o_prop ).
  o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'LastAuthor' value = gv_user parent = o_prop ).
  o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'Created' value = lv_created parent = o_prop ).
  o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'Company' value = gv_company parent = o_prop ).
  o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'Version' value = '14.00' parent = o_prop ).

* OfficeDocumentSettings
  DATA(o_set) = o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'OfficeDocumentSettings' parent = o_workbook ).
  o_set->set_attribute( name = 'xmlns' value ='urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office' ).
  o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'AllowPNG' parent = o_set ).

* ExcelWorkbook
  DATA(o_excelwb) = o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'ExcelWorkbook' parent = o_workbook ).
  o_excelwb->set_attribute( name = 'xmlns' value ='urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:excel' ).
  o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'ProtectStructure' value = 'False' parent = o_excelwb ).
  o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'ProtectWindows' value = 'False' parent = o_excelwb ).

* Styles
  DATA(o_styles) = o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'Styles' parent = o_workbook ).

* "Default" Style
  DATA(o_style_default) = o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'Style' parent = o_styles ).
  o_style_default->set_attribute_ns( name = 'ID' prefix = 'ss' value = 'Default' ).
  o_style_default->set_attribute_ns( name = 'Name' prefix = 'ss' value = 'Normal' ).
  DATA(o_align) = o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'Alignment' parent = o_style_default ).
  o_align->set_attribute_ns( name = 'Vertical' prefix = 'ss' value = 'Bottom' ).
  DATA(o_borders) = o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'Borders' parent = o_style_default ).
  DATA(o_font) = o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'Font' parent = o_style_default ).
  o_font->set_attribute_ns( name = 'FontName' prefix = 'ss' value = 'Arial' ).
  o_font->set_attribute_ns( name = 'Family' prefix = 'x' value = 'Swiss' ).
  o_font->set_attribute_ns( name = 'Size' prefix = 'ss' value = '11' ).
  o_font->set_attribute_ns( name = 'Color' prefix = 'ss' value = '#000000' ).
  DATA(o_interior) = o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'Interior' parent = o_style_default ).
  DATA(o_numberformat) = o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'NumberFormat' parent = o_style_default ).
  DATA(o_protection) = o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'Protection' parent = o_style_default ).

* Bold Style "s62" für die Überschrift
  DATA(o_style_bold) = o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'Style' parent = o_styles ).
  o_style_bold->set_attribute_ns( name = 'ID' prefix = 'ss' value = 's62' ).
  DATA(o_font_bold) = o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'Font' parent = o_style_bold ).
  o_font_bold->set_attribute_ns( name = 'FontName' prefix = 'ss' value = 'Arial' ).
  o_font_bold->set_attribute_ns( name = 'Family' prefix = 'x' value = 'Swiss' ).
  o_font_bold->set_attribute_ns( name = 'Size' prefix = 'ss' value = '11' ).
  o_font_bold->set_attribute_ns( name = 'Color' prefix = 'ss' value = '#000000' ).
  o_font_bold->set_attribute_ns( name = 'Bold' prefix = 'ss' value = '1' ).

* Worksheet "SPFLI" einfügen
  DATA(o_sheet1) = o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'Worksheet' parent = o_workbook ).
  o_sheet1->set_attribute_ns( name = 'Name' prefix = 'ss' value = gv_sheetname ).

* WorksheetOptions
  DATA(o_ws_opt) = o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'WorksheetOptions' parent = o_sheet1 ).
  o_ws_opt->set_attribute( name = 'xmlns' value = 'urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:excel' ).

  o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'Selected' parent = o_ws_opt ).
  o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'ProtectObjects' value = 'False' parent = o_ws_opt ).
  o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'ProtectScenarios' value = 'False' parent = o_ws_opt ).
  o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'SplitHorizontal' value = '1' parent = o_ws_opt ).
  o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'TopRowBottomPane' value = '1' parent = o_ws_opt ).
  o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'FreezePanes' parent = o_ws_opt ).
  o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'FrozenNoSplit' parent = o_ws_opt ).
  o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'Unsynced' parent = o_ws_opt ).
  o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'ActivePane' value = '2' parent = o_ws_opt ).

* Page Setup
  DATA(o_ps) = o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'PageSetup' parent = o_ws_opt ).
  DATA(o_ps_header) = o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'Header' parent = o_ps ).
  o_ps_header->set_attribute_ns( name = 'Margin' prefix = 'x' value = '0.3' ).
  DATA(o_ps_footer) = o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'Footer' parent = o_ps ).
  o_ps_footer->set_attribute_ns( name = 'Margin' prefix = 'x' value = '0.3' ).
  DATA(o_ps_margins) = o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'PageMargins' parent = o_ps ).
  o_ps_margins->set_attribute_ns( name = 'Bottom' prefix = 'x' value = '0.7' ).
  o_ps_margins->set_attribute_ns( name = 'Left' prefix = 'x' value = '0.7' ).
  o_ps_margins->set_attribute_ns( name = 'Right' prefix = 'x' value = '0.7' ).
  o_ps_margins->set_attribute_ns( name = 'Top' prefix = 'x' value = '0.7' ).

* Splitter für Header / Data definieren
  o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'x:Selected' parent = o_ps ).
  o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'x:FreezePanes' parent = o_ps ).
  o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'x:FrozenNoSplit' parent = o_ps ).
  o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'x:Unsynced' parent = o_ps ).
  o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'x:ProtectObjects' value = 'False' parent = o_ps ).
  o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'x:ProtectScenarios' value = 'False' parent = o_ps ).
  o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'x:SplitHorizontal' value = '1' parent = o_ps ).
  o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'x:TopRowBottomPane' value = '1' parent = o_ps ).

* Named Range für Filter definieren
  DATA(o_names) = o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'Names' parent = o_sheet1 ).
  DATA(o_named_range) = o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'NamedRange' parent = o_names ).
  o_named_range->set_attribute_ns( name = 'Name' prefix = 'ss' value = '_FilterDatabase' ).
  o_named_range->set_attribute_ns( name = 'RefersTo' prefix = 'ss' value = |=Sheet1!R1C1:R1C{ lv_colcount }| ). " Spalte 1-x als Range "_FilterDatabase" definieren
  o_named_range->set_attribute_ns( name = 'Hidden' prefix = 'ss' value = '1' ).

* Autofilter aktivieren
  DATA(o_autofilter) = o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'AutoFilter' parent = o_sheet1 ).
  o_autofilter->set_attribute_ns( name = 'Range' prefix = 'x' value = |R1C1:R1C{ lv_colcount }| ).              " Spalte 1-x als Filter-Range definieren
  o_autofilter->set_attribute_ns( name = 'xmlns' value = 'urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:excel' ).

* Table für Header und Daten
  DATA(o_table) = o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'Table' parent = o_sheet1 ).
  o_table->set_attribute_ns( name = 'FullColumns' prefix = 'x' value = '1' ).
  o_table->set_attribute_ns( name = 'FullRows' prefix = 'x' value = '1' ).
  o_table->set_attribute_ns( name = 'DefaultColumnWidth' prefix = 'x' value = '66' ).
  o_table->set_attribute_ns( name = 'DefaultRowHeight' prefix = 'x' value = '14.25' ).
  o_table->set_attribute_ns( name = 'DefaultColumnWidth' prefix = 'ss' value = '66' ).
  o_table->set_attribute_ns( name = 'DefaultRowHeight' prefix = 'ss' value = '14.25' ).

* Header (Tabellenüberschriften) einfügen
  DATA(o_hrow) = o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'Row' parent = o_table ).

  LOOP AT it_comp_tab ASSIGNING FIELD-SYMBOL(<fs_comp>).
    o_cell = o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'Cell' parent = o_hrow ).
    o_cell->set_attribute_ns( name = 'StyleID' prefix = 'ss' value = 's62' ). " Style Bold
* nur elementare Datentypen zulassen
    IF <fs_comp>-type->kind = cl_abap_typedescr=>kind_elem.
      o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'Data' value = <fs_comp>-name parent = o_cell )->set_attribute_ns( name = 'Type' prefix = 'ss' value = 'String' ).
    ELSE.
* alle anderen Spalten mit Strukturen, INCLUDES usw. einfach als DEEP kennzeichnen, Inhalt bleibt leer
      o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'Data' value = 'DEEP' parent = o_cell )->set_attribute_ns( name = 'Type' prefix = 'ss' value = 'String' ).
    ENDIF.
* Named Range "_FilterDatabase" für Filter setzen
    o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'NamedCell' parent = o_cell )->set_attribute_ns( name = 'Name' prefix = 'ss' value = '_FilterDatabase' ).
  ENDLOOP.

* Daten einfügen
  LOOP AT it_spfli ASSIGNING FIELD-SYMBOL(<fs_line>).
    DATA(o_row_data) = o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'Row' parent = o_table ).

    o_struct_descr ?= cl_abap_structdescr=>describe_by_data( <fs_line> ).

    LOOP AT o_struct_descr->get_components( ) ASSIGNING FIELD-SYMBOL(<fs_comp2>).

      o_cell = o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'Cell' parent = o_row_data ).

* nur elementare Datentypen zulassen, andernfalls gibts Exceptions bei der String-Konvertierung
* die Spalten mit kennzeichnung "DEEP" bleiben in der Ausgabe somit leer
      IF <fs_comp2>-type->kind = cl_abap_typedescr=>kind_elem.
        ASSIGN COMPONENT <fs_comp2>-name OF STRUCTURE <fs_line> TO FIELD-SYMBOL(<fs_cell>).

        IF <fs_cell> IS ASSIGNED.
          DATA: lv_data_type TYPE string.
          DATA(lv_typekind) = cl_abap_elemdescr=>get_data_type_kind( <fs_cell> ).

          CASE lv_typekind.
            WHEN cl_abap_typedescr=>typekind_time OR cl_abap_typedescr=>typekind_date OR cl_abap_typedescr=>typekind_string OR cl_abap_typedescr=>typekind_char.
              lv_data_type = 'String'.
            WHEN cl_abap_typedescr=>typekind_num OR cl_abap_typedescr=>typekind_packed OR cl_abap_typedescr=>typekind_int OR cl_abap_typedescr=>typekind_float.
              lv_data_type = 'Number'.
            WHEN OTHERS.
              lv_data_type = 'String'.
          ENDCASE.

          o_data = o_doc->create_simple_element( name = 'Data' value = |{ <fs_cell> }| parent = o_cell ).
          o_data->set_attribute_ns( name = 'Type' prefix = 'ss' value = lv_data_type ).
        ENDIF.
      ENDIF.

    ENDLOOP.
  ENDLOOP.

* XML-Dokument rendern
  DATA(o_sf) = o_ixml->create_stream_factory( ).

  DATA: lv_xml TYPE string.

  DATA(o_stream) = o_sf->create_ostream_cstring( lv_xml ).
  o_stream->set_encoding( encoding = o_encoding ).
  o_stream->set_pretty_print( pretty_print = abap_true ).

  DATA(o_render) = o_ixml->create_renderer( ostream  = o_stream
                                            document = o_doc ).

* XML-String in lv_xml generieren
  DATA(lv_rc) = o_render->render( ).

* Dateigröße in Bytes
  DATA(lv_size) = o_stream->get_num_written_raw( ).

* Stream schließen
  o_stream->close( ).

  IF lv_rc = 0 AND lv_size > 0.
* XML-String in XML-Document wandeln
    DATA(o_xml_doc) = NEW cl_xml_document( ).
    o_xml_doc->parse_string( lv_xml ).

* Ausgabe-Datei, "\" müssen quotiert werden
    DATA(lv_fullpath) = |c:\\temp\\test.xml|.

* XML-Document als Datei speichern
    o_xml_doc->export_to_file( CONV #( lv_fullpath ) ).

* lokale Datei im Excel aufrufen
* parameter muss wegen möglicher Leerzeichen im Pfad mit "" quotiert werden
    cl_gui_frontend_services=>execute( application = 'excel.exe'
                                       parameter = |"{ lv_fullpath }"| ).
  ELSE.
    WRITE: / 'Fehler beim Erzeugen der XML-Datei.'.
  ENDIF.

[ABAP] XML-Daten in eine Datei (*.xml) schreiben

Variante 1 (lokal über XML-String)

* ixml Factory
  DATA(o_ixml) = cl_ixml=>create( ).

* Encoding UTF-8
  DATA(o_encoding) = o_ixml->create_encoding( character_set = 'UTF-8'
                                              byte_order = if_ixml_encoding=>co_none ).

* DOM Object Model
  DATA(o_doc) = o_ixml->create_document( ).

  ...

* XML-Dokument rendern
  DATA(o_sf) = o_ixml->create_stream_factory( ).

* XML-String
  DATA: lv_xml TYPE string.

* Stream für Ausgabe in XML-String
  DATA(o_stream) = o_sf->create_ostream_cstring( lv_xml ).
  o_stream->set_encoding( encoding = o_encoding ).
  o_stream->set_pretty_print( pretty_print = abap_true ).

* Render-Objekt
  DATA(o_render) = o_ixml->create_renderer( ostream  = o_stream
                                            document = o_doc ).

* XML-String in lv_xml generieren
  DATA(lv_rc) = o_render->render( ).

* Dateigröße in Bytes
  DATA(lv_size) = o_stream->get_num_written_raw( ).
  
* Stream schließen
  o_stream->close( ).

* Wenn alles ok
  IF lv_rc = 0 AND lv_size > 0.
  * XML-String in XML-Document wandeln
    DATA(o_xml_doc) = NEW cl_xml_document( ).
    o_xml_doc->parse_string( lv_xml ).

  * XML-Document als Datei speichern
    o_xml_doc->export_to_file( 'c:\temp\test.xml' ).
  ENDIF.

Variante 2 (lokal über XML-iTab)

* ixml Factory
  DATA(o_ixml) = cl_ixml=>create( ).

* Encoding UTF-8
  DATA(o_encoding) = o_ixml->create_encoding( character_set = 'UTF-8'
                                              byte_order = if_ixml_encoding=>co_none ).

* DOM Object Model
  DATA(o_doc) = o_ixml->create_document( ).

  ...

* XML-Dokument rendern
  DATA(o_sf) = o_ixml->create_stream_factory( ).

* XML-iTab
  DATA: it_xml_out TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF char255 WITH DEFAULT KEY.

* Encoding UTF-8
  DATA(o_encoding) = o_ixml->create_encoding( character_set = 'UTF-8'
                                              byte_order = if_ixml_encoding=>co_none ).

* Stream für Ausgabe in XML-iTab
  DATA(o_stream) = o_sf->create_ostream_itable( table = it_xml_out ).
  o_stream->set_encoding( encoding = o_encoding ).

* Render-Objekt
  DATA(o_render) = o_ixml->create_renderer( ostream  = o_stream
                                            document = o_doc ).

  o_render->set_normalizing( is_normalizing = space ).

* XML-String in it_xml_out generieren
  DATA(lv_rc) = o_render->render( ).

* Dateigröße in Bytes
  DATA(lv_size) = o_stream->get_num_written_raw( ).
  
* Stream schließen
  o_stream->close( ).

* Wenn alles ok
  IF lv_rc = 0 AND lv_size > 0.
* Tabelle als Binär-Daten herunterladen
    cl_gui_frontend_services=>gui_download( EXPORTING
                                              filename = 'c:\temp\test.xml'
                                              filetype = 'BIN'
                                              bin_filesize = lv_size
                                            CHANGING
                                              data_tab = it_xml_out ).
  ENDIF.

Variante 3 (Applikationsserver)

* ixml Factory
  DATA(o_ixml) = cl_ixml=>create( ).

* DOM Object Model
  DATA(o_doc) = o_ixml->create_document( ).
  
  ...
  
* XML-Dokument rendern
  DATA(o_sf) = o_ixml->create_stream_factory( ).

* Encoding UTF-8
  DATA(o_encoding) = o_ixml->create_encoding( character_set = 'UTF-8'
                                              byte_order = if_ixml_encoding=>co_none ).

* Stream für Ausgabe in Datei '/tmp/test/test.xml' auf dem Applikationsserver
  DATA(o_stream) = o_sf->create_ostream_uri( system_id = '/tmp/test/test.xml' ).
  o_stream->set_encoding( encoding = o_encoding ).
  o_stream->set_pretty_print( pretty_print = abap_true ).

* Render-Objekt
  DATA(o_render) = o_ixml->create_renderer( ostream  = o_stream
                                            document = o_doc ).

* XML-String in Datei auf Applikationsserver generieren
  DATA(lv_rc) = o_render->render( ).

* Dateigröße in Bytes
  DATA(lv_size) = o_stream->get_num_written_raw( ).
  
* Stream schließen
  o_stream->close( ).

* Wenn alles ok
  IF lv_rc = 0 AND lv_size > 0.
    ...
  ENDIF.